Sustainable packaging, also known as green packaging or sustainable packaging, uses materials and manufacturing techniques to minimize energy use and reduce harmful effects on the environment. Sustainable packaging is manufactured using bio-based, biodegradable or recyclable materials to minimize the use of new resources and reduce carbon emissions released into the atmosphere.
Bio-based materials are substances derived from living (or once-living) organisms composed of plant biomass that release less carbon into the atmosphere when processed than fossil fuels, reducing their carbon footprint. Biodegradable materials are substances that can be broken down naturally and utilized by microorganisms, releasing less carbon into the atmosphere than materials that need to be broken down manually.
Another key feature of sustainable packaging is that it is usually produced using thinner materials, which means less material is required, making it more sustainable. Manufacturers also tend to use tougher materials or use special coatings in the manufacturing process to make products last longer and encourage product reuse.
Most people use packaging every day, and consumers are looking for alternatives to reduce the harmful use of packaging materials to the environment. Using sustainable packaging materials and processes can have a huge positive impact on the environment, and as global temperatures continue to rise, the need for sustainable packaging has never been greater.
Traditional packaging products are made using energy, often derived from fossil fuels, which emit large amounts of carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere. Sustainable packaging, on the other hand, releases far less carbon emissions from the production process because carbon emissions come from plant biomass rather than fossil fuels. In addition, the use of recyclable materials reduces the consumption of heavy energy resources, so fewer greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere, thereby reducing the carbon footprint.
In addition to this, sustainable packaging materials that are biodegradable and recyclable have a positive impact on the environment even at the end of the product life cycle. Due to the presence of microorganisms, they are either naturally broken down into non-toxic components or can be reused. Waste from biodegradable materials can also support the future lives of other organisms, whereas conventional waste packaging ends up in landfills or the ocean.