f.t.c. sends stern warning on ‘biodegradable’ marketing claims
Nowadays, a large number of products claim to be biodegradable.
But it seems that the FTC is ready, and that statement is almost impossible for most marketers.
Tuesday, F. T. C.
Kmart and two other companiesTender Corp. , and Dyna-
They claim that their products are biodegradable, which is \"a false and unproven claim \".
According to F. T. C.
Kmart says the disposable plate of the American plate is biodegradable;
Tender known as fresh bath
Biodegradable brand wet wipes; and Dyna-
E International says the compressed dry towel, a light-load brand, is biodegradable.
Kmart and Groupon have reached an agreement with the Commission.
When asked about the proliferation of biodegradable labels, Michael Davis, counsel for F. T. C.
Consumer Protection Bureau told Green
\",\" We hope that these actions will be notified to these markets that the declaration of non-conformity of the biodegradable capability may be wrong and cannot be confirmed.
This question, F. T. C.
According to the press release, \"defendant\" products are usually disposed of in landfill sites, incinerators or recycling facilities where it is not possible for waste to be biodegradable in a rather short period of time
This raises the question: Is there anything biodegradable?
After all, almost everything Americans consume ends up in a landfill, incinerator, or recycle bin. Mr. Davis of the F. T. C. raised doubts.
He said: \"If an agricultural product is usually treated through compost, it may be labeled biodegradable, but statistics show that most household waste is landfill.
Therefore, he explained that even an agricultural product may not be biodegradable for a reasonable period of time. The F. T. C.
In other words, its environmental guidelines
Statement: unqualified declaration of degradation of a product or package, biodegradable or photo degradation shall be confirmed by qualified and reliable scientific evidence that the entire product or package will be completely decomposed and restored to naturee.
, Decomposed into elements found in nature within a reasonable short period of time after habit disposal.
When asked what is a qualified claim, Sir
Davis said, \"it\'s hard to think that marketers will like it.
Did he raise one? too-
Attractive example: \"biodegradable for 1,000 years. ”Mr.
Davis also said the company\'s approach to testing biodegradable products may not be realistic.
\"I think marketers have to carefully select the test method to confirm their claims and note that it copies the real
The world behavior of consumers . \"
Kimberly Liberty, a spokeswoman for Sears, which owns Kmart, said in an email
The email states, \"Kmart relies on the vendor\'s documentation to confirm the claim that these plates are biodegradable in backyard compost.
This is not the first recent dispute about the use of the word \"biodegradable.
A manufacturer of plastic bags for a newspaper has recently scaled back
After being questioned about bags\'s ability to degrade organisms, the friendly statement.
This situation is handled through the national advertising department of the better commercial bureau committee, which is a self-Regulators.
Comments are no longer accepted.
It should be mentioned that the only advantage of anything biodegradable is compost.
Due to the problem of groundwater pollution, landfill sites are specially designed to prevent biological degradation and loss.
So what we\'re talking about here is a \"buzzword\" that has little practical utility \".
I bought a cup of coffee at a museum cafe a year ago.
My coffee is in a non
Paper \"biodegradable\" Cup.
The Cup says \"biodegradable when compost in commercial facilities \".
Out of curiosity, I took the Cup home and threw it into my compost box.
For a few months in the bin (
I turn it over from time to time)
It is divided into multiple parts.
Now that compost has become a garden, the pieces are still perfectly recognizable.
While I don\'t run a \"commercial compost facility\", these cups are less biodegradable than eggshells, avocado skins and corn cob.
They are as easily degraded as the shell;
It seems to take a few years.
I am in favor of the action of the Federal Trade Commission.
Not exactly correct.
Many modern landfill sites are now designed to capture and burn (Electricity)
Methane released from rotten organic matter
Some of these have been designed to circulate the leachate through the waste layer to increase the rate at which methane is decomposed and generated-these are called \"biological reactors \".
I think the rule of thumb is that after the landfill is closed, it can produce methane of economic value.
About 20 years of power generation.
Make the company responsible for the latter
Consumer behavior is very interesting.
Due to the test of a biological reactor landfill site (
Accelerate decomposition by adding and recycling liquids from waste)
It is worth putting forward a standard to address the biodegradable capacity of items placed in such landfill sites, composting facilities, backyard compost and even roadside dumping.
Because this is the only place where \"light drops\" occur.
If a community chooses to do
Within a reasonable time frame, even banana peels are not biodegradable.
However, they disappeared into my poster in a few days.
This article helped me see the smart move to San Francisco recently to strengthen recycling regulations (including compost.
Of course, we can all go to a system that does not waste organic matter in a landfill.
We have managed to compost the \"biodegradable\" bag in our pile.
The ones we use (
Very thin plastic)
It does break down well in a year.
The FTC only needs to come up with a hard definition of \"biodegradable\" that can be tested in a controlled environment.
They have to look at it, though, or they may come up with something so strict that a hemp rope or bottle cork will not be considered biodegradable.
Robert CalhounWorse\'s \"they degrade almost as much as the oyster shell\", perhaps because the crushed oyster shell is a good source of calcium. 1)
I agree that there should be a time frame for the speed at which something is degraded to naturally reusable elements. 2)
While I know that there is almost nothing in the landfill that breaks down because it is covered too fast, there are things that \"escape\" before the landfill, if they break down quickly on the ground3)
It is also valuable for items that do not harm the environment with toxic elements, even if they are unlikely to break down, E. G. g.
The \"biodegradable\" sofa that was thrown away. Matt and A3k (3 & 4):Good to know.
I have to look into my local facilities to see if they are appropriate. Thanks.
It can also be cynical by big companies and their long-time strategy --
The acceptance of regulators to confuse these differences so that the public is prohibited by law from distinguishing between \"biodegradable \"(
Can be broken down or thousandsyear half-
Make cheaper daily necessities.
Swattero, there are very few biological reactor landfill sites.
So unless your community has a compost project and you put your biodegradable stuff in it, it\'s almost guaranteed to dry
According to the regulations of the Environmental Protection Bureau or incinerator, the grave is buried.
Yard garbage collected separately from the garbage is usually sorted out, so you may want to ask if it is allowed to place the blended items in that \"bin.
Or make a Comcast yourself and control your own waste.
You can spend a lot of money or almost nothing, depending on how comfortable you look to your neighbors.
It seems to me that the materials are \"bioprocessable\", but given the solid waste management approach in almost all cities, there is no opportunity for them.
Does the FTC only have different biodegradable rules for San Francisco or any other city that needs compost?
If a higher proportion of packaging falls under the category \"biodegradable\", this may be an important stimulus to encourage composting, not only to reduce dumping costs and landfill space, it is also an important effort to reduce greenhouse gas production.
It seems that the FTC may block important efforts to change the variety of packaging, such as foam trays for meat, frozen goods, fast food, etc.
-Almost all sources of oil so far, but this may be bio-
Based on biological degradation.
Of course, we do not want to cut rain forests and raise food prices for this purpose.
But, I think, with the proper environmental partitioning and other controls, that\'s another topic that can be managed.
I can\'t see the wisdom of compost packaging.
First of all, what economics is this-
What is the cost of this compost and where will it go.
Are we just creating a low-cost commodity to transport at the cost of energy and emissions?
Recycling or incineration will provide the opportunity to save materials or energy.
Why do we need more dust in urban areas?
At the Federal Trade Commission, it is important for consumers to pay close attention to the ball.
The agency promises to introduce new environmental marketing standards in the medium term2009.
The implementation came from 1992-
Almost no mandatory version for the past 8 years-10 years.
So their enforcement action is good, but how long do we have to wait until there is the use of \"carbon-
Friendly or carbonfree?
See consumers at www.
ComI believes that it must be tested for any product to meet these requirements. Consumers (
Should be able to request or access the company\'s web page and find the test results.
Consumers can then make informed choices about the products they want to buy.
Since the Federal Trade Commission decided that most of our landfill sites (
Dry tomb type)
Do not promote biodegradable, then any product that goes to the dump should not be labeled as biodegradable unless the product will be biodegradable in a hypoxia and aerobic environment.
It is well known that in a dry landfill, the reason why things are not biodegradable is due to lack of moisture and oxygen resulting in compaction and being covered with dirt, etc.
The oxygen in the compaction layer of the garbage will soon run out, and when the oxygen runs out, the degradation rate will be greatly reduced.
Dug the test hole in the old garbage dump and still read the news paper 60 years ago, and the hot dog 60 years old looks like it has just been cooked.
Our dump is known for leaking toxic substances and hiding garbage.
If the landfill is designed as a biological reactor, we can solve the problem of the landfill, or at least improve the situation.
The biological reactor landfill is designed to enhance biodegradation, capture the biological enzymes produced during the biodegradable process, and use these gases to generate clean energy.
Some manufacturers recognize that our landfill system is not good for our environment and are designing products that are biodegradable in the anaerobic environment of a dry landfill.
Our company is an environmental protection company.
We realized that plastic pollution was a huge problem, so we designed a plastic bottle that was biodegradable in an aerobic or aerobic microbial environment.
There are a lot of error messages about the products and how they will help the environment.
Consumers need to know about their products and how to deal with them. Max//www. ensobottles.
The Fair Trade Commission consists of lawyers, bean counters, economists and corrupt political appointees.
Where is the science?
Why are these government officials not doing biodegradable or better incineration?
First, Michael Davis filed an unreserved claim as a lawyer and not as a scientist, so he would violate his own comments listed in the paragraph below.
I can prove that the landfill is not biodegradable.
Methane gas produced by microorganisms, eating hydrocarbons when aerobic. Which is better?
Are there more disposable items than things that always exist?
Landfill sites with methane capture capacity can only capture up to 50% of methane.
The rest fled to the atmosphere, where the climate was 23 times worse than carbon dioxide.
Biodegradable plastics require light, air and moisture to break down.
There is almost no such situation in landfill sites, so the difference between final decomposition and sitting there forever can be ignored.
The only thing that makes sense about these plastics is that in special events and food service facilities, garbage is sent to a composter.
In these settings, they replace disposable tableware that will not be damaged.
It is important that these wastes enter the commercial composting system.
Commercial composting systems generate enough heat to break down these plastics.
My backyard compost box didn\'t do that.
In most cases, we should use food crops to feed people, not packaging.
In response to the 12 th: \"Why do we need more dirt in urban areas?
Because we want a greener city!
There is an urgent need for healthy soil for gardeners.
City gardeners need nutritionand microbe-rich soil —
Our street trees, parks, windows, roof gardens, vegetables in the backyard, etc. etc.
Availability of compost projects should also be a problem in decision making
Something about marking biodegradable.
If we buy a biodegradable Cup that ends up being wasted in an energy facility or a dry landfill, it doesn\'t matter if it can be composted.
Unless there is a widely available recycling plan, the company cannot claim that their products are recyclable;
So should the biodegradable label.
As George mentioned above, bio.
Reactor landfills are not the best environmental option, and they release more methane than they capture.
We need to build a better compost infrastructure across the country to mix our food with biodegradable waste for a wide range of composting projects.
I think very few companies can afford the cost of biodegradable.
I own a construction company and have been looking for biodegradable garbage bags.
I finally found PrideGreen, a company that is affordable.
They also made a solid garbage bag.
You can find them online. prs-online. com/products. asp?
Dept = 120 regarding Comment 21, have you not read the above article about the attempt by the FTC to prevent the manufacturer from claiming \"biodegradable\" products?
These biodegradable bags, Pride Green, are as skeptical as the Kmart product claims.
There are no biodegradable garbage bags.
They may give you more, but they don\'t degrade.
This is similar to the organic crisis a few years ago.
It is of course important to develop clear labeling standards for biodegradable products.
I\'m sure there\'s a fraudulent brand out there, but that\'s starting to go away as independent testing goes on.
I\'m glad they\'re warning people, but I think they\'re a bit far away here.
This article is not to say that all biodegradable things don\'t work or don\'t work, it\'s the impression I got from comments like 22, it\'s more about the waste that ends up in
They say our infrastructure is not yet able to make the most of all these products.
In any case, legal biodegradable products such as pla plastic, in 1-3 years, vs.
1000 in good condition of polyethylene and polystyrene.
It\'s obviously better for me, except for some terrible chemical additives.
We must encourage these products while eliminating companies that use our good intentions.
Everyone will stop crazy! PLA? What a joke.
Only 1% of our commercial landfill sites have commercial compost capabilities!
PLA and they are starchy peers and will eventually be landfill.
So why are everyone pushing this technology astm d 6400?
Because there\'s nothing else, big companies like Natureworks, Cargill, BASF and Metabolix have invested millions of dollars and they can\'t admit there\'s a better way.
Astm d 6400 the requirement states that only commercial composting facilities can degrade these types of organismspolymers.
Remember, there are only 1% industrial composting facilities in the United States.
These big companies can afford to lobby for the FDA to label astm d 6400 as a standard for plastics to be biodegradable.
They will lose millions of dollars if they don\'t work hard. Who loses?
Let me have a rest!
Is the landfill a dry grave?
Who are those writers (Lobbyists)kidding?
Do you think this is new and not corrected?
Today\'s landfill is better equipped to maintain a high enough moisture level
The organisms that are eaten today in the landfill, as well as the biodegradable plastics made by some biotech products companies.
According to the astm d 5526 guidelines, no oxygen is required and plastic can be degraded with only a little moisture.
Once these biochemical plastics degrade, it becomes a soluble chlorine, and if half the brain knows it\'s a fertilizer.
It actually improves the dirt around it and won\'t hurt it.
Methane gas is captured to generate natural energy, and in some cases it is known that it can provide all the electricity to the surrounding manufacturing plants.
Why would today\'s landfill leave half of the garbage?
Methane Recovery is a multi-million dollar business for landfill operators.
It is irresponsible to let half escape.
This must be said by astm d 6400.
Biodegradable plastics not only replace non-degraded plastics, but also help the environment by removing landfill sites of all plastics.
Plastic is prohibited? Really?
Can you imagine writing a rebuttal with your cardboard keyboard?
By the way, paper is heavier than plastic and takes up more space.
More fossil fuels are needed for production.
Plastic bags can\'t be biodegradable?
Let me have a rest.
Be careful with lobbyists from these big companies who like to spread propaganda.
Be smart and be told before you speak! I am in China.
We produce bio-processed tableware in our factory.
There are many certificates in our factory and products.
Our main markets are the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia.
Please write to me if you are interested. maggie@bio-sy.
ComTel: 86 512 68638462Fax: 86 512 68639937Cel: 86 130 9260 9803/www. naturecutlery.
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