With the increasing awareness of environmental protection and global plastic ban, the concept of biodegradable bagasse tableware has become more and more familiar to people. Biodegradation is the process in which microorganisms chemically break down certain materials into their natural elements. This term is usually associated with ecology, waste management, biomedicine, and natural environment (bioremediation). Nowadays, the term biodegradable is commonly used for environmental products, whose products can be decomposed by microorganisms and returned to nature. Biodegradable substances are generally organic substances, such as plants and animals, or similar synthetic substances. Some microorganisms have natural metabolic abilities to degrade and transform large compounds.
With the depletion of resources such as coal, oil, and natural gas, the development and utilization of biomass resources have become a research hotspot. It is estimated that sugar companies produce about 6 to 6.5 million tons of sugarcane residue every year, of which only 20% is used for pulp making, and the rest is used as boiler fuel or waste disposal, causing environmental pollution and great waste of natural resources. From the perspective of green chemistry, bagasse tableware is a rich source of renewable resources, with the characteristics of wide sources, low prices, biodegradability, and environmental friendliness, and a huge treasure trove of green resources.
Biodegradable bagasse tableware are food packaging containers made of plant fibers such as sugarcane, which are made into sugarcane pulp and then injected into molds under high pressure and high temperature. The products produced by this technology have good biodegradability and abundant raw material sources. They are natural fiber products that can biodegrade in 30 to 90 days. When sugarcane products degrade, they provide natural components to the environment because they are made of natural organic and renewable materials. Sugarcane products are a perfect substitute for petroleum-based polystyrene foam plastics and plastic products, which can take thousands of years to degrade.
With the increasing awareness of environmental protection, many people focus on starch-based tableware, but since starch is a biodegradable natural polymer that decomposes into glucose under the action of microorganisms, tableware that is mainly made of corn starch cannot be 100% starch composition, and additives often cannot degrade naturally, so biodegradable bagasse tableware is our only choice to avoid the use of non-environmentally friendly and polluting disposable tableware and to make a contribution to our Earth.